Origin, Climate & Labour
The topic of climate change is well discussed, but the implications of climate change are more than just rising temperatures. We’re seeing erratic weather patterns, unusual rainfall and unpredictable frosts.
In recent years, frosts have become harder to anticipate due to changing weather patterns, and in 2021 Brazil experienced a severe, incalculable frost which destroyed many crops. Because Brazil is the biggest coffee producing country in the world, any change to their yield has an impact on the overall coffee market. Last year, Brazil was also hit by severe drought; this has pushed the global commodity price even higher, making quality coffee harder to get hold of.
Coffee, like any plant, is also susceptible to a variety of pests and diseases. One disease that is becoming more and more prevalent is the threat of the ‘leaf rust’ disease. Without proper and timely treatment, the leaves of the coffee plant start to wither away and eventually fall off. This disease has been known to wipe out entire coffee crops and is on the rise again due to changing weather patterns in coffee growing countries.
On top of this, the cost of chemicals and fertilisers needed to keep coffee plants healthy and productive are soaring to unprecedented levels in most countries, affecting smallholder farmers the most.